New info from Michael & Christine Trivett 14th May 2006
Details of the Trivett Family and connections with Bridgwater from A HISTORY OF BRIDGWATER.
Burials at the FRIARY of Bridgwater. From the list of names from the Martyrogy by William of Worcester.
1. Sir JOHN TRIVETT who died 1392 (He left 800 marks (£200) for a bridge at Bridgwater. This was a tremendous amount in those days.
2. Sir MATHEW GORNAY (GOURNAY) died 1406 and his wife ALICE who was the daughter of the Earl of Warwick. Both connected with Cannington and Trivetts. Sir Mathew and Alice were buried in the middle of the Quire.
3. There are other names but not connected with the Trivetts.
By 1720 no buildings of the Friary survived only the cemetery and church yard.
By the 19th century no tomb stone was standing and no ones graves had been uncovered.
The Friary was surrendered on the 13th Sept. 1543 and the Fryers were evicted
without pensions at the disillusionment.
The Trivett Arms are on floor tiles at Cleeve Abbey.
THE SEAL & RING of Sir John Trivett is in the Blakes Museum Bridgwater.
The TRIVETT BRIDGE at Bridgwater,
The Bridge built by Sir John lasted for over 500 years. The Arms of Trivett were sculpted on the parapet. Repairs were carried out in 1696 and 1711. The little house on the bridge and east and west quays were enlarged by 1701. The cost was £2,057.
Thirty Three one hundred ton ships road about the bridge. Control of berthing was difficult as there was only one crane ????? Investigations started in 1794 about building a new bridge. The old bridge was difficult to remove. On the 1st Oct 1798 the piers were still standing. The replacement bridge was metal and designed by BRUNEL.
There is a mace known as the Warwick Mace which has triangles, later made in to crowns which they still have at Bridgwater Town Hall. These may have been Trivett marks rather than triangles because Sir John Trivett's arms are a rough triangle. (We shall try to find out more when we visit Warwick Castle in June).
Prior Nicholas info supplied by Sheila Jones 28th Sept 07
Notes on the entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (by James G. Clark) for
TREVET (TRIVET), Nicholas (b. 1257x65, d. in or after 1334), Dominican friar and bibilical and classical scholar
Born in Somerset probably between 1257 and 1265
Aged 49 when he wrote commentary on Seneca’s Declamations (written between 1307 & 1314)
Second son of Sir Thomas Trevet (d. 1280/81), a Somerset landowner, and his wife Eleanor
Nothing known of early life but appears to have entered the Dominican order in his late teens or early twenties
Joined the London convent but in the late 1280s was sent to study at Oxford
1297 appointed as the Dominicans’ representative to receive royal alms for the order’s general chapter
Incepted as doctor of theology c.1302 and remained in Oxford teaching and studying until at least 1307 – prominent figure in the debates of the theology faculty
May also have been engaged in pastoral work or Dominican business outside the university – spent some time in Salisbury and seems to have visited number of religious houses in southern England and examined their libraries
Growing reputation as a scholar and perhaps a pastor attracted friendship and patronage of senior clerical figures and members of the nobility
In early years of 14th century made the first of several visits to the continent – spent much of his time abroad in the company of fellow Dominicans
Details of travel are unclear but certainly visited Italy
From c.1307 settled in Paris where he studied at the University, but also continued to travel through France and Italy, visiting Avignon for the Dominican general chapter in 1308, and probably also Florence, Padua and Pisa
Travels had a significant impact on his work as a scholar – introduced him to new currents in classical scholarship and particular to the work of Paduan scholars and forged contacts with distinguished curialists
Encouraged by Cardinal Nicolò da Prato, dean of the Sacred College, to write new commentaries of his own
Commissioned by Prato to write a commentary on Seneca’s Tragedies and also appears to have been asked to write a commentary on Livy’s Ab urbe condita for Pope John XXII
Recalled to Oxford in late 1314 – reached Oxford before 24 December 1314 when he was present at a feast in memory of Piers Gaveston (d. 1312) whose body was resting at the Oxford Blackfriars on its way to Langley for burial
Then appears to have resumed his career as a master in the faculty of theology but also worked on a wide range of compositions for his English and continental patrons
Wrote several theological treatises for senior Dominican figures, including the prior provincial, John Bristol and Edward II’s confessor, John Lenham, and chronicles for the Lady Mary (d. 1332), daughter of Edward I, who was a nun at Amesbury, and for Hugues d’Angoulême, archdeacon of Canterbury
Retired from the schools c 1320 and returned to the London convent.
1324 appointed to the community’s lector – testimony to his continuing reputation as a theologian
Still alive in 1334 when he was recorded as a member of the house
Nothing further known of his career and therefore likely to have died before end of the decade
Not a typical schoolman – at the height of his career, between 1314 and 1320, he completed 3 chronicles in Latin and French – unusual compositions either for an academic or a friar
Annales sex regum Angliaae, chronicle from 1135 – 1307, represented genune attempt to write contemporary history – detailed accounts of recent events including the barons’ and Scottish wars and with perceptive character sketches of Henry III and Edward I based on recollections of those who had known them – widely read throughout the late medieval period and had considerable influence on the work of later historians
Most important and influential works were his classical commentaries on Boethius, Seneca and Livy, as well as Virgil and Augustine
His commentaries weren’t wholly original but was one of the first English scholars since the 12th century to develop an extensive knowledge of classical authors and was the earliest northern European writer to absorb new Italian currents in classical scholarship. The commentaries also offered European scholars, often for the first time, complete and accurate texts of works of undisputed importance
Wide circulation of his works – almost 300 manuscripts survive from all parts of Europe
Best-known work probably commentary on Boethius – more than 100 manuscript copies survive – especially popular in Italy where it was translated into the vernacular in the later 14th century and used by Petrarch and Boccaccio
Commentary on Seneca’s Tragedies also circulated widely – evidence that it was cited in a letter attributed to Dante
In the context of Europe as a whole, his legacy was not so much to transform late medieval literary criticism as to provide later scholars with indispensable source books on ancient authors which remained the basis of much classical scholarship in Europe until the 16th century.
Emden, Oxf., 3.1902–3 · R. J. Dean, ‘The life and work of Nicholas Trevet with special reference to his Anglo-Norman chronicle’, DPhil diss., U. Oxf., 1938 · F. Ehrle, Gesammelte Aufsätze zur englischen Scholastik (1970), 303–84 · R. J. Dean, ‘Nicolas Trevet, historian’, Medieval learning and literature: essays presented to Richard William Hunt, ed. J. J. G. Alexander and M. T. Gibson (1976), 328–52 · R. J. Dean, ‘Cultural relations in the middle ages: Nicholas Trevet and Nicholas of Prato’, Studies in Philology, 45 (1948), 541–64 · B. Smalley, English friars and antiquity in the early fourteenth century (1960), 58–65 · R. J. Dean, ‘The earliest known commentary on Livy’, Medievalia et Humanistica, 3 (1945), 86–98 · R. J. Dean, ‘The dedication of Nicholas Trevet's commentary on Boethius’, Studies in Philology, 63 (1966), 593–603, 600–03 · R. J. Dean, ‘Some unnoticed commentaries on the Dissuasio Valerii of Walter Map’, Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies, 2 (1950), 128–50 · M. L. Lord, ‘Virgil's Eclogues, Nicholas Trevet, and the harmony of the spheres’, Mediaeval Studies, 54 (1992), 186–273 · R. J. Dean, Medium Aevum, 10 (1941), 161–8 · Bale, Cat., 1.399–400 · Bale, Index, 308–9 · Tanner, Bibl. Brit.-Hib., 722–3 · R. Vianello, ‘Su un commento virgiliano attribuito a Nichola Trevet’, Studi Medievali, 3rd ser., 32 (1991), 345–67 · A. Kleinhans, ‘Nicholas Trevet OP, Psalmorum interpres’, Angelicum, 20 (1943), 219–36 · B. Smalley, ‘Thomas Waleys OP’, Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum, 24 (1954), 50–107 · A. Gransden, Historical writing in England, 1 (1974), 501–7 · N. Trevet, Annales sex regum Angliae, 1135–1307, ed. T. Hog, EHS, 6 (1845) · A. Rutherford, ‘The Anglo-Norman chronicle of Nicholas Trevet’, PhD diss., U. Lond., 1932 [incl. text of chronicle]
Bodl. Oxf., MS Bodley 292 · Merton Oxf., MS 188